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User Tips: Making Quick, Random Decisions in an ASP Page

There are certain times when you'd like an ASP script to randomly choose to do one of N tasks. One can use the `Randomize` statement and the `Rnd` function in VBScript to select a random number. In fact, this is the only way to generate truly random numbers. But sometimes generating a purely random number isn't that important, you would just like to do 1 of N things, where each of the N events are equally probable.

For examle, on the 4GuysFromRolla.com homepage I have a space reserved to place a link to one of my two books: Designing Active Server Pages and Sams Teach Yourself ASP 3.0 in 21 Days. I wanted to randomly have each book displayed... however, I am not too concerned about true randomness and am more interested in having each book shown with equal probability.

It struck me that a very easy thing to do would be to determine the current time (using the `Time` function), grab the seconds (using the `Second` function) and then `Mod 2` the result. The `Mod` operator is used like:

 `Number1 Mod Number2`

dividing `Number1` and `Number2` and returning the remainder. Here is a simple chart of `Mod` values:

Mod Values
`Number1``Number2` `Number1 Mod Number2`

So, to give two events the same probability, I simply did:

 ```Dim iEventID iEventID = Second(Time) Mod 2 'At this point iEventID will equal 0 or 1 If iEventID = 0 then 'do event 0 Else 'iEventID == 1 'do event 1 End If ```

That's all there is to it! A quick and dirty way to act on one of two events with equal probability!

Is that Number Even or Odd?
The `Mod` operator can be used to quickly determine if a number is even or odd! Assume we have some integer value, `iVal`. If `iVal Mod 2 = 0` then `iVal` is even; if, on the other hand, `iVal Mod 2 = 1`, then ```iVal is odd! ```

Happy Programming!

 Article Information Article Title: User Tips: Making Quick, Random Decisions in an ASP Page Article Author: Scott Mitchell Article URL: http://www.4GuysFromRolla.com/webtech/tips/t090600-1.shtml