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4GuysFromRolla.com : ASP FAQS : Arrays


Question:

How can I quickly determine if a string exists within an array?


[Print this FAQ]

Answer: One way to determine whether or not an array contains an element or not is to use a simple For ... Next loop to iterate through each element of the array, checking to see if the element is equal to a particular string. A simple example of this follows:

Dim iLoop, bolFound
bolFound = False

For iLoop = LBound(SomeArray) to UBound(SomeArray)
  If CStr(SomeArray(iLoop)) = CStr(SomeString) then
    bolFound = True
  End If
Next

By the time this code completes, bolFound will be True if SomeString was found in SomeArray, and False otherwise. This will perform a case-sensitive comparison, though, so if we are searching for "FooBar" and the array contains an element equal to "Foobar", the bolFound will be False.

In an earlier FAQ, we examined how to determine the position of a particular string element in an array. This function can be used to quickly determine whether or not a string element exists in the array. Check out the FAQ and note that we can create our own function like so:

Function ElementInArray(aMyArray, strLookingFor, compare)
'Returns True if strLookingFor is in aMyArray, False otherwise
  ElementInArray = (PositionInArray(aMyArray, strLookingFor, compare) > -1)
End Function

This makes use of the function PositionInArray, which we created in a past FAQ.

We can also use the Filter function to accomplish something similar. I won't go into detail on how the Filter function works (for more detail be sure to read Filtering Arrays with Filter!):

Function ElementInArray(aMyArray, strLookingFor, compare)
'Returns True if strLookingFor is in aMyArray, False otherwise
  ElementInArray = (UBound(Filter(aMyArray, strLookingFor, True, compare)) > -1)
End Function

There you have it! Three techniques that you can use to quickly determine if a particular string exists in an array!

Happy Programming!


FAQ posted by Scott Mitchell at 11/26/2000 2:32:57 PM to the Arrays category. This FAQ has been viewed 73,272 times.

Do you have a FAQ you'd like to suggest? Suggestions? Comments? If so, send it in! Also, if you'd like to be a FAQ Admin (creating/editing FAQs), let me know! If you are looking for other FAQs, be sure to check out the 4Guys FAQ and Commonly Asked Messageboard Questions!

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Last computed at 9/17/2007 3:22:00 AM


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